According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, there are often mental health disorders involved with alcohol use and substance use disorders; this is also known as a co-occuring disorder. To address the issue of dual diagnosis, researchers developed an offshoot of cognitive behavioral therapy designed specifically to address the co-occurring disorders issue.
Dialectical behavior therapy has five parts, according to SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices:
- Skills training
- Behavioral training
- General (includes homework, access to a therapist outside of scheduled meeting times, and family counseling)
- Environment structuring
- Therapist enhancement (consultations and sharing of information between the client’s therapists)
Each of these parts of DBT is designed to help the individual overcome the challenges they face in order to increase problem-solving skills and cognitive reasoning and to help the client control and balance his or her emotions.