Eating Disorder Effects on Body | Futures of Palm Beach
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Eating Disorder Effects on Body

The Effects of Eating Disorders on Your Body

Eating disorders can be damaging to all areas of your life. With constant crash diets, a compulsion to over exercise, the binging and purging, these can all cause severe damage the body. Self-induced vomiting, malnutrition, laxative abuse and dehydration, they can all destroy your internal organs. If you develop an eating disorder you may subject yourself to chronic conditions such as: obesity, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, or arthritis.

Find out what an eating disorder can do to your vital organs.

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Brain

Scans of the brain show portions of it undergo structural changes and abnormal activity in periods of anorexia. Some of these abnormalities return to normal once weight gain occurs but some effects can be permanent. These effects can be the cause of numbness, confusion or even seizures 1.

Eyes

The macula and accompanying layers of nerves in an individual with anorexia can become significantly thinner. A loss of electrical activity, essential to the brains ability to process visual signals can also occur 2. Bulimia can also cause harm to the eyes. There is a potential for broken blood vessels due to constant vomiting.

Hair

Hair loss is a more than common sign of anorexia and it is cause by vitamin deficiency, malnutrition and dehydration. In contrast, lanugo, the typically fine and soft hairs on the face will grow as a natural defense of malnutrition and starvation as it try to keep the body warm3.

Teeth

Repeated vomiting can cause the enamel of the teeth to erode while the lack of vitamins and nutrients from anorexia can cause the teeth to become brittle and weak. Other symptoms of eating disorders can include an increase in cavities, discolored and an irregular shape of the teeth 4.

Heart


Anorexia can cause serious problems to the heart including: rhythm disturbances, systolic and diastolic ventricular dysfunction, mitral valve prolapse, myofibrillar destruction, congestive heart failure and much more 5. Bulimia can cause changes in the metabolism, which can cause arrhythmia or even death while binge eating can cause heart disease 6.

Liver


A binge eating disorder can lead to nonalcoholic steatosis or Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) 7. Anorexia and bulimia can also cause acute liver damage.

Intestines


Normal digestion in the intestines can become irregular and slowed down which can cause severe gastrointestinal problems. A deficiency in digestive enzymes can also lead to a lack of absorption causing malnutrition. Diarrhea and or urinary tract infections are also common 8.

Blood


Low blood pressure is a dangerous symptom that can lead to a lowered heart rate and or heart failure. A blood chemical imbalances like low potassium or iron (anemia) can potentially lead to death 9.

Esophagus


Repeated vomiting from bulimia can cause acidic damage to the esophagus known as gastroesophageal reflux disease. A ruptured esophagus is also a possibility 10.

Lungs


Shortness of breath due to respiratory muscle weakness can occur. Studies have shown a reduction in the diffusing capacity of the lungs as well as a reduction in maximal and minimal expiratory pressures 11.

Stomach


Stomach pains and digestion problems are very common symptom in those with eating disorders. More acute complications could include peptic ulcers, an erosion of the stomach (duodenal lining) 12.

Kidneys


Acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, nephrolithiasis and electrolyte abnormalities are all complications caused by anorexia nervosa.13. A lowered intake of nutrients from purging can lead to kidney stones or even kidney failure 14.

Reproduction


There are a number of risk factors related to eating disorders and a woman’s reproductive cycle, many of which lead to infertility. These factors can include: irregular menstrual cycles, reduced egg quality, poor uterine environment, ovarian failure, and miscarriage. Permanent and irreversible damage is possible in those who have suffered from anorexia and bulimia for several years 15.

Skin


Some of the skin related symptoms could included: acne, discoloration, slower wound healing, lanugo-like body hair, seborrheic dermatitis (inflammation of the skin), edema (swelling), scurvy, xerosis (dry or cracking skin) or acral coldness 16.

Finger/Toenails


Fingernails and toenails can become weak and brittle due to the lack of essential nutrients from proteins and fats that are required to grow keratin. Keratin is what makes up finger and toenails 17.

Bones


Osteoporosis, a condition that causes a loss in bone density and an increased risk of fracture can be attributed to anorexia. Calcium deficiencies are also a cause of bone loss, which is common among those suffering from anorexia and bulimia 18.

 

Treating Eating Disorders and
Co-occurring Substance Abuse

At Futures of Palm Beach, we help people and families struggling with the disease of drug or alcohol addiction, especially when complicated and accompanied by a co-occurring issue like an eating disorder. Since substance abuse, drug or alcohol dependencies can often co-occur with an eating disorder, our individualized treatment program is designed to explore and change the underlying core issues that drive each individual’s addiction and disorder. We are here to help you gain control of your eating disorder and your addiction through our clinical, medical and wellness care programs. If you or a loved one is suffering from an eating disorder along with addiction, Call Futures today for the help you need at (866) 351-7588.

 

References:

1: http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/how_serious_anorexia_nervosa_000049_5.htm

2: http://bjo.bmj.com/content/95/8/1128.abstract

3: http://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00128071-200506030-00003

4: http://www.healthcarereview.com/2010/04/how-eating-disorders-affect-teeth/

5: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=611449

6: http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/co-occurring-disorders/eating-disorders/eating-disorders/co-occurring-disorders/eating-disorders/bulimia-nervosa/bulimia-nervosa-what-happens

7: http://www.eatingdisordersreview.com/print/nl_edr_23_5print.html

8: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17357959

9: http://www.patient.co.uk/health/anorexia-nervosa

10: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20659142

11: http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleid=1090152

12: http://www.dr-bob.org/babble/eating/20060628/msgs/705292.html

13: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/768838

14: http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/co-occurring-disorders/eating-disorders/eating-disorders/co-occurring-disorders/eating-disorders/bulimia-nervosa/bulimia-nervosa-what-happens

15: http://www.fertilityfactor.com/infertility_female_infertility_eating_disorders.html

16: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15943493

17: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/anorexia_nervosa/hic_anorexia_nervosa.aspx

18: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/Conditions_Behaviors/anorexia_nervosa.asp

Some services listed may not be included in our core program. An admissions counselor will be able to provide you a complete list of core services. Information provided for educational purposes. Premium services or programs may be arranged through your therapist or case manager.

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